Design and Control Development of an Autonomous Visitor Guiding Robot in a Hospital Environment


  • Agus Siswoyo Universitas Sanata Dharma
  • Pippie Arbiyanti Universitas Sanata Dharma
  • Rodik Wahyu Indrawan Universitas Airlangga



Mobile Robot, Localization, Mapping, Medical Robot, Interactive Robot


Mobile robot technology, coupled with artificial intelligence, has reached a point where robots can now autonomously navigate and store area data, while the integration of smart sensor and controller technology enables them to detect and adapt to dynamic environments by making predictions under diverse conditions. In general, hospital visitors do not have sufficient preparation and knowledge accompanied by sudden situations, this often makes visitors, namely patients and patient companions confused and panicked. The reality is that until now, many visitors are still pacing in the wrong room, asking the officers many times, which eventually leads to misunderstandings by visitors to the hospital system, facilities, and services which are considered complicated and make visitors dissatisfied. Applied technology innovation Design and control of autonomous visitor guide robots in hospital environments (Viguro Robot) offers solutions using interactive robots that can provide location information and deliver visitors to their intended location. Artificial intelligence is employed through the utilization of sensors, digital data, or remote input, allowing the amalgamation of hospital patient data, instant material analysis, and the utilization of insights derived from Viguro Robots' sensors. This robot is designed by utilizing the development of autonomous mobile robot technology, interactive human machine interface, localization and mapping, and obstacle avoidance. The stages in making the robot begin with design planning, initial testing, stage I validation, stage II validation, and implementation testing. This applied innovation of technology is expected to offer solutions in order to improve facilities and quality of service to patients and patient companions in hospitals.


Puji Lestari Tri Rini, Pelayanan Rumah sakit bagi Masyarakat Miskin(studi kasus di Enam Wilayah Indonesia), Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol.5, No. 1, Agustus 2010.

Suryawati, C. Penyusunan indikator kepuasan pasien rawat inap rumah sakit di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan.2006.09(4)

Utama, S. Memahami fenomena kepuasan pasien rumah sakit. Medan: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sumatera Utara.2003

Achmad Luthfi Rosyadi, Son Kuswadi , Indra Adji Sulistijono, Pemetaan dan Lokalisasi Secara Simultan Robot iSRo menggunakan Multi-sensor.

Hidayat, Paltzky Ainurrafi (2020) Lokalisasi Dan Pemetaan Pada Indoor Domestic Service Robot Dengan Menggunakan IMU Dan Kamera RGB-D. Undergraduate thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

Kumar, R.C., Khan, M.S., Kumar, D., Birua, R., Mondal, S., and Para, M.K. (2013). "OBSTACLE AVOIDING ROBOT." International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering(IJAREEIE), Vol. 2, Issue 4, 2278.

Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi. (2020). Katalog Inovasi Karya Peneliti dan Perekayasa Kemenristek/BRIN untuk Mengatasi Pandemi. Jakarta: Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi.

Wolfram Burgard, Armin B. Cremers, Dieter Fox, Dirk Hahnel, ¨ Gerhard Lakemeyery , Dirk Schulz, Walter Steiner, and Sebastian Thrun. (1998).“The Interactive Museum Tour-Guide Robot” Computer Science Department III, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Tavakoli M, Carriere J, Torabi A. Robotics, Smart Wearable Technologies, and Autonomous Intelligent Systems for Healthcare During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Analysis of the State of the Art and Future Vision. Adv Intell Syst. 2020 May 5;2000071.

Khan Z.H., Siddique A., Lee C.W. Robotics Utilization for Healthcare Digitization in Global COVID-19 Management. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 28;17(11):3819.

Losch R., Grehl S., Donner M., Buhl C., Jung B. Design of an Autonomous Robot for Mapping, Navigation, and Manipulation in Underground Mines. In: 2018 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) [Internet]. Madrid: IEEE; 2018 [cited 2020 Jul 10]. p. 1407–12.

Gaur, A., and Pawar, M. S. (2016). AGV Based Material Handling System: A Literature Review. International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI), III(1A).

Sankari, J., and Imtiaz, R. (2016). Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) for Industrial Sector. 10th International Conference on Intellegent Systems and Control (ISCO) . Coimbatore, India: IEEE.

Lynch, L., Newe, T., Clifford, J., Coleman, J., Walsh, J., and Toal, D. (2018). Automated Ground Vehicle (AGV) and Sensor Technologies- A Review. 2018 Twelfth International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) (pp. 347 - 352). IEEE.

Nyayu, L. H., Rasyad, S., Putra, M. S., Hasan, Y., and Al Rasyid, J. (2019). Pengaplikasian sensor warna pada navigasi line tracking robot sampah berbasis mikrokontroler. Jurnal Ampere, 4(2), 297-306..

Dudeja H., Bagal L., Zunjur N., and Jagadale S.S., “Mechanical Design of an Automated Guided Vehicle ( AGV ),” Int. J. Res. Aeronaut. Mech. Eng., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 32–40, 2015.

Miraditya, P., Harianto andWibowo, M.C., 2014. Rancang Bangun Alat Pemesanan Menu Makanan Otomatis Berbasis Microcontroller Dengan Komunikasi TCP/IP. Journal of Control and Network Systems, 3(2).

Apriaskar E., Fahmizal F., Cahyani I., and Mayub A., “Autonomous mobile robot based on Behaviour based robotic using V-REP simulator–Pioneer P3-DX robot,” Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika, vol. 16, no. 1, hal. 15-22, April 2020.

Fan Z., Qiu Q., and Meng Z., “Implementation of a four-wheel drive agricultural mobile robot for crop/soil information collection on the open field,” in Proceedings - 2017 32nd Youth Academic Annual Conference of Chinese Association of Automation, YAC 2017, 2017.

Han S., Lim H., and Lee J., “An Efficient Localization Scheme for a Differential- Driving Mobile Robot Based on RFID System,” in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 3362-3369, Dec. 2007, doi: 10.1109/TIE.2007.906134.




How to Cite

Siswoyo, A., Pippie Arbiyanti, & Indrawan , R. W. . (2023). Design and Control Development of an Autonomous Visitor Guiding Robot in a Hospital Environment. Jurnal Teknologi, 13(1), 1–6.